St Peter’s Basilica is located in Vatican City and is the universal seat of the Catholic Church as well as the residence of the Pope. It’s considered one of the Catholic Church’s holiest temples and an important pilgrimage site. The current Basilica, built on that of Constantine, is the expression of the will of the Renaissance Popes who engaged great artists such as Bramante, Michelangelo, Bernini and Maderno. The construction of the new basilica began in 1506 and was finished in 1626. The basilica was called St Peter’s after one of Jesus’s twelve disciples known as Saint Peter, who became one of the founders of the Catholic Church and was executed in Rome and buried where the Basilica now stands.Saint Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest buildings in the world and is the largest of the papal basilicas.. Currently Saint Peter’s Basilica is a building measuring 218 meters long and 136 meters high up to its dome with an area of 23,000 m2.
2.5 km reachable by bus 30 and metro B/A